Rinjani Mountain


“The Peak of Beautiful Nature of Lombok Island”

At 3.726 metres above sea level, the last erupting dramatically in 1901, Mt. Rinjani forms the second highest volcanic peak in Indonesia, part of the celebrated “Ring of Fire” that encircles the basin of the Pacific. Within the crater is the spectacular Segara Anak lake and the new cone still – active volcano Gunung Baru (2.363 m).


The dramatic landscape has been created ov

er millions of years of cone-building, violent explotions and erotion. Forested slopes rising directly from the sea create their own weather pattern and act water collectors for the whole of Lombok.

For the people of Lombok, Sasak and Balinese alike, the volcano is revered as a sacred place and abode deities. Segara Anak crater lake is destination of thousands of pilgrims who place offerings in the water and bathe away disease in the hot springs. The endemic duck Belibis is found here and several species of fish are recorded.

Mt. Rinjani, one of the over 40 National Parks throughout Indonesia, was establised in 1997. The Rinjani National park covers an area of 41.330 ha on the northern part of Lombok and locates the four administrative district of East, Central, West and North Lombok.  Rinjani dominates the National Park of Lombok, an island east of Bali on the Indonesian archipelago.

It is surrounded by further 51.500 ha of Protection Forest also covers the four administrative districts. The park ecosystem is in the transitional zone between Asia and Australia (Walaceae zone). Average rainfall is about 3.000 mm annually.

The Rinjani Trek was lauded in the award citation as “a place doing superb work in protecting its overall natural and cultural heritage, the volcanic heart of the island of Lombok, Indonesia”. Visitors to this tropical island enjoy long jungle treks to the awe-inspiring crater valley, waterfalls and hot springs, and emerge from the forest canopy to enjoy an amazing panoramic ocean view.

Over 20 villages surounded Rinjanii and there are many routes up the mountain, but the main access is from Senaru in the north and Sembalun to the east. The challenging three days Rinjani trek route from Senaru to the crater rim (Plawangan), down to the stunning crater lake then on to Sembalun, is considered one of the best treks in South East Asia. More adventorous trekkers aim for the summit, best reached from Sembalun returning after four days to Senaru.

The Rinjani program is exemplary for its strong partnership among local community groups, tourism industry and national park, and has successfully withstood the recent deep dip in Indonesia’s tourism.

As monumental success of managing National Park by strongly involving the community in conjunction to tourism industry. Rinjani gained recognition internationally, it won the 2004 International Legacy Award sponsored by Conservatiion International and National Geographic Traveler and as a finalized in British Airway’s Tourism for Tomorrow Award 2008.


Gunung Rinjani National Park lies within the major transition zone Wallaceae where the flora and fauna of South East Asia makes a dramatic transition into that which is typical Australasia. The park has a rich variety of plants and animals, although they can be hard to spot due to the terrain and rainforest cover.

Sometimes seen early in the mornings is the rare black ebony leaf monkey, known locally as Lutung. The long tailed grey macaque or Kera is common in Lombok and older males are seen on the crater rim. Rusa deer are forest dwellers and are occasionally seen along the Rinjani trek trail. The smaller Barking deer or Kijang has an alarm call with a distinct dog-like bark. Look for the disturbed ground where the wild pig or Babi Hutan has been foraging. Also found in the forest is the Leopard cat or Bodok Alas, Palm Civet or Ujat dan Porcupine or Landak.

A variety of colourful birds live in the forests of the park. Perhaps the best-known icon of the park is the Sulphur Crested Cockatoo that is not found any further west of Lombok. Many of the forest-dwelling animals, insects, birds, civets and monkeys owe their survival to the wild fig tree or Beringin as a provider of food and shelter. The pine-like Casuarina species, Cemara, are a feature of the grassy higher slopes. Orchids or Anggrek are also a feature of the grassland areas, as is Edelweiss or Bunga Abadi growing above the tree line; it is a beautiful icon of the park and one of our best-known sub-alpine plants.


These guidelines help minimise the impact of your visit on the natural environment and also on other visitors. Help to keep the park unspoiled for future visitors.

Remove rubbish: Litter is unattractive, harmful to wildlife and can increase disease. Plan your trip to minimise rubbish by not taking bottles and cans. We have a “pack it in – pack it out” policy, so be sure to carry out of the park whatever you carry in.

Keep to the track: By keeping to the trail, you avoid trampling undergrowth and risking getting lost in the forest.

Camp with care: When camping, leave no trace of your visit.

Keep streams and lake clean: Wash well away from the water source by taking water in a container. A soap and detergent are harmful to the creatures that live in the streams and lake, drain used water into the ground.

Bury toilet water: in areas without toilet facilities, bury your toilet waste in a shallow hole well away from waterways, track, camp sites and shelters. Take care with fires. Portable fuel stoves are less harmful to the envirenment and are more efficient than fires. If you must use a fire, keep it small and make sure that the fire is out before leaving by dousing it with water and checking the ashes.

Respect cultural dan natural heritage: Help protect the spiritual and historical significance of Mt. Rinjani by respecting our local culture. Conserve wildlife and plants of the National Park by not removing anything.

Consider other visitors: Walk quietly through the forest so that you do not disturb the wildlife that you and others have come to see.

Enjoy your visit: Enjoy your visit and before leaving the area take one last look – will the next visitor know that you have been here?

Warning: Mt. Rinjani is a challenging mountain. If not with guide, please ensure you are well equipped and have knowledge of mountain safety. You must be prepared with good equipment, warm and windproof clothing. Rinjani can attract severe stroms, lightening and strong winds. When the weather is settled, the sun is intense and nights frosty. Parts of the trail are steep and slippery. Beware of bad weather and risks of exposure to the wet and cold (hypothermia). If caught in an electrical strom, take shelter and avoid prominent ridges. Beware of snakes and stinging insects and plants. Leeches can be a nuisance in the wet season.

Volcanic Hazards: Although Mt. Rinjani has not erupted in recorded history, Gunung Baru (2.351 m) in the crater lake is an active volcano. It last erupted dramatically in 1994. Check the notice boards for recent hazards and take advice from park staff and guides.

Spring Water: Fresh water springs are a feature of the trek and determine camp sites. Your guide knows where these are. During the drier months (July-September) some springs completely disappear. Park staff and guides constantly monitor these water sources to determine their abundance.

While in the National Park: “Take only photograps, leave only footprints”.


Over 20 villages surounded Rinjanii and there are many routes up the mountain, but the main gate is from Senaru in the north and Sembalun to the east. The best route heading for the summit usually prefer to start from entry point of Sembalun Village.

peta TNGR trek


Round Rinjani Drive

This 10 hour day trip circuit drive around Mt. Rinjani passes through Rinjani National Park, and includes beautiful landscapes and many highlights of north and east Lombok.

The scenic route climbs across mountain passes with roadside monkeys and you can stretch your legs for a half hour walk to the popular local cultural attraction, the healing hot spring at Sebau deep in the forest. Optional stops include colorful local markets, several traditional village visits, the ancient 16th century bamboo mosque at Bayan, the Balinese Narmada summer palace and visits to the Rinjani gateway villages of Sembalun and Senaru.

Sembalun Village

About 2,5 hours drive from Capital City Mataram or Bandara International Lombok airport to this Village. Sembalun is set in an ancient and fertile caldera to the east of Mt. Rinjani, the prefered access route for summiteers. The rich soil produces high quality agriculture crops, such as variety of vegetables, including the famous garlic and red rice, staple of local farmers. Seismic activity is monitored daily at the government Rinjani Volcanology Centre. The beautiful valley of Sembalun is also known for its hill walks, recently restored traditional village, active culturel performers and local weavers. Some home stay accomodation and several cafes or small restautants are available. Also enquire about the local walks: the Sembalun Village Walk, to experience the scenic beauty of the village or/and the Sembalun Wildflowers Walk, a two day one night hike to see the wildflowers at Propok in Gunung Rinjani National Park area.


Senaru Village

The village of Senaru, an easy 2,5 hours drive from Capital City of Mataram or Senggigi, is the one of main access to the National Park. As a non – trekking destination it is also popular – a cool, flower-filled mountain village stretching along a hillside spur above Bayan. Senaru has a range of accomodation in simple home stays and number of cafes serving delicious local specialities. Local guide escort visits to the adjacent traditional village, three waterfalls, and number of Village Walks. Circuits include the Rice Terraces and Waterfall Walks or discover the highlights of Senaru in lovely half-day Senaru Panorama Walk.